Understand Employee Share Option Plans Better

Estimated read time 4 min read

Employee Share Option Plans (ESOPs) are a popular form of equity-based compensation for employees. An ESOP is an employee benefit plan that grants employees the right to purchase shares in a company at a predetermined price – usually below market value. The purpose is to motivate staff members to contribute towards the company’s success while aligning their interests with those of employee share scheme.


Over the years, ESOPs have become increasingly popular, particularly among technology startups and other high-growth companies. Unfortunately, they can be complex and confusing for employees who are unfamiliar with the concept. In this article, we’ll take a deeper look into ESOPs – their workings, benefits, and risks associated with them, as well as how employees can maximize their value from these plans.

employee share scheme


Understanding Employee Share Option Plans


An ESOP is an equity compensation plan that gives employees the right to purchase shares of a company at a predetermined price, known as the exercise price. Usually, this price is below the current market value of those shares, making it an attractive benefit for employees.


ESOPs can be structured in various ways, but they typically feature a vesting period – the period during which an employee must work for the company before exercising their options. For instance, an ESOP may have a four-year vesting period with a one-year cliff, meaning that employees must serve at least one year before exercising any of their options, and any remaining options would vest over three subsequent years.


Benefits of ESOPs

Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) offer several advantages to employees, such as:


Ownership Stake: Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs) give employees a sense of ownership in the company, which may increase their motivation and loyalty.


Potential for significant financial gain: If the company’s stock price increases, employees could potentially realize substantial benefits by exercising their options and selling their shares.


Tax Benefits: Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs) offer tax advantages to both employers and employees alike. Companies can deduct the cost of issuing stock options, while employees defer paying taxes until their options are exercised.


Risks of ESOPs

Employee Stock Option Plans (ESOPs) may pose some risks to employees, including:


Lack of Liquidity: ESOPs are not as liquid as other forms of compensation, such as cash bonuses or stock grants. Employees may need to wait years before they can exercise their options and sell their shares.


Market Risk: The value of a company’s shares may fluctuate, and employees may not realize any financial benefit if the stock price declines.


Concentration Risk: Employees who invest a substantial portion of their net worth into company stock could face substantial losses should the business encounter financial issues.


Maximizing the Value of Employee Stock Option Plans (ESOPs)


Employees seeking to maximize the value of their ESOPs should take into account the following:


Understand the Vesting Schedule: Employees should be familiar with both the vesting schedule and cliff period to guarantee they meet all necessary criteria to exercise their options.


Monitor the company’s Performance: Employees should remain informed about the company’s performance and outlook, as this can influence the value of their options.


Diversify Their Portfolio: Employees should seriously consider diversifying their investment portfolio in order to reduce concentration risk and minimize exposure to market fluctuations.



Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs) are a popular form of equity compensation that can offer employees many benefits, such as ownership stake, potential financial gain, and tax advantages. Unfortunately, they also carry risks like lack of liquidity, market risk, and concentration risk. To maximize the value of an ESOP, employees should understand its vesting schedule, monitor the company’s performance, and diversify their investment portfolio accordingly.